Based on the purpose and utility of the research study, researchers use different research approaches. They either use applied research or a basic research approach to study an issue. Basic research is usually aimed at the expansion of existing theories, and applied research provides a practical solution to the research problem. Both these approaches are different, yet very important to learn. In today’s article, we will look at both of them one by one. There will be a discussion on their importance in research and the key differences that exist between them. Let’s start with the importance.
What is basic research, and why is it important?
A research approach which is entirely based on theories or the expansion of theories is known as basic research. It is aimed at the expansion of the knowledge of a particular field. The driving forces of this research approach are curiosity and the need to explore more about a research field. This research approach is also known as pure research. The points mentioned below highlight its importance:
- This research leads to the generation of new knowledge.
- It exposes researchers to varying dimensions of a theory and helps them explore more.
- This research lays the ground for major discoveries as it provides scientific capital.
- It pushes knowledge forward and makes way for further research.
What is applied research, and why is it important?
Applied research is the research approach that focuses on providing practical solutions to a specific problem. It takes the problem, studies it from every possible dimension, and provides the solution to that problem. Hence, it is a solution-oriented research approach. It generally uses different empirical methodologies to devise required solutions. This research approach is also termed a follow-up of the basic research. The points given below give its importance:
- It helps organisations or researchers to arrive at a practical solution to a specific issue
- It is more important because it solves the problems identified in the pure research
- Applied research yields actionable results and provides answers to all questions
- It follows a systematic process to reach the solution
Differences between applied and basic research
Both basic and applied research approaches are different from each other. Researchers of these methods use different research methods to reach the end goal. In this section of today’s article, we will now look at the core differences between these two. Hence, some of those core differences are as follows:
1. Curiosity-driven vs solution driven
The driving forces of each research approach are different. Basic research, which is more aimed at expanding knowledge of a particular field, is curiosity-driven. The desire to explore more pushes the researcher to do research and expand the knowledge. On the other hand, applied research is solution-driven. Mostly, the researchers apply this research approach to solve a problem. It could be a problem in the industry or in society. It could be anything. Hence, the first difference lies in the driving forces.
2. Theoretical vs practical nature
The second difference between basic and applied research is of nature. Basic or pure research is more theoretical and focuses on the development of new theories. Not only on new theories but it also aims at the expansion of the existing theories. In contrast, applied research is of a more practical nature. It takes an issue, analyses it from every side and angle, and then gives a solution to the particular problem. However, if you are wondering about how it helps in finding solutions to problems, you should better take a PhD dissertation help online.
3. Informational vs commercial gain
There is only information and information in the basic research. The researcher takes one piece of information, studies it, and expands it. It just helps the readers learn more about a field and nothing else. On the other hand, applied research provides commercial gain. As it provides solutions to problems, it has the potential to participate in technological developments. Hence, it leads to monetary gain.
4. Universal scope vs specific scope
The 4th difference lies in the scope of the research approaches. Basic research, being more theory-driven, tends to be more universal in scope. It applies to a variety of different concepts and helps in the expansion of knowledge. In contrast, applied research has only one goal, look at the problem and devise a solution. Hence, this research approach is more specific in scope and has a more specific utility than the former one.
Conclusively, applied and basic research are two different research approaches. They are different in their purpose, scope, and nature. Applied research is more solution-driven, and it finds solutions to specific problems. In this guidepost, we have discussed the importance and differences between both research approaches. Hence, learn about them and select your approach accordingly.