Bath salts are drugs of abuse that can lead to dangerous addiction symptoms, which have been reported by emergency medical services in the United States. Bath salts are not, as the name implies, healthy bath salts, but dangerous synthetic (“artificial”) cathinone. Cathinone is a stimulant found in a plant called khat, which grows in East Africa and southern Arabia. Bath salt has serious side effects that can be fatal. The effect of this drug is a “high” or “rush” similar to methamphetamine (speed). It is often sold on the street as a cheap alternative to other stimulants such as methamphetamine as well as cocaine.
What’s in bath salts?
The most common ingredient is methylenedioxypyrrolvalone (MDPV), but other stimulants may also be present, such as mephedrone and pyrovalerone MDPV is a member of the phenethylamine family, an amphetamine-like alkaloid native to eastern Africa and southern Arabia. It is structurally similar to cathinone. However, it is believed that mephedrone may be an overdose drug.
MDVP is structurally related to methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and its cathinone derivatives; MDMA is a Schedule I hallucinogen and its cathinone derivatives (cathinone and methcathinone) are also Schedule I hallucinogens. In animal studies, an increase in extracellular dopamine levels was observed 60 minutes after MDVP administration.
Are bath salts illegal in the United States?
In 2011, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) announced an emergency program to combat the chemicals MDPV, mephedrone, and methylone in bath salts.
- President Barack Obama signed legislation banning mephedrone, methylone, and MDPV and placing them on Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act.
- Under no circumstances may Schedule I substances to be sold or prescribed for medical purposes.
- The Act also prohibits the future use of compounds intended to mimic the effects of bath salts.
- It is illegal to possess or sell these chemicals or products containing these chemicals in the United States.
How are bath salts used?
Users usually inhale them through the nose, but they can also be injected, drunk swallowed, or taken rectally. Toxic doses of new synthetic cathinone (such as bath salts) have not been determined and doses may vary because they are illegal drugs. There is a risk of overdose because the sachet contains up to 500 mg of the drug.
However, when taken orally, absorption is rapid, with maximum effects occurring within an hour and a half and lasting three to four hours, followed by a strong sedative effect. The feeling of satiety can last for eight hours or more.
What do bath salts do?
Unlike other salts, bath salts produce a higher level of effect similar to that of stimulants. However, the related effects are listed below.
- Increased arousal and concentration
- Increased sexual desire
- Enhanced emotions
Acute side effects bath salt
- Increased heart rate.
- Chest pain.
- Arterial hypertension
- Loss of appetite
- Muscle spasms and tremors.
High doses can cause severe behavioral as well as psychological effects, including.
- Severe panic disorder.
- Paranoia (extreme lack of self-confidence).
- Disorganization (disorganization)
- Insomnia (inability to sleep)
- Aggressive behavior
The extent of bath salt use
Consumption of bath salts is expected to increase; illegal use of MDPA has been reported in the United States, Europe, and Australia. 2007 saw the first reported case of TIR in Germany. The chemical has been banned in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, as well as Israel. in 2015, Florida authorities issued a warning regarding the use of a new type of cathinone called “Farka,” a chemical that causes delirium in users. Before the federal ban, several states had independently banned the use of at least some of the chemicals contained in these products.
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